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Smithsonian's National Postal Museum

The United States Postal Service is the government-run postal service in the United States. It was created as an independent agency in 1970, under the Postal Reform Act. The USPS has its roots in 1817 with the implementation of the stamp act, and is one of the world’s premier providers of postal services today. With over 462 million customers, including more than 160 million who use its mobile app, the USPS remains committed to providing reliable service at the lowest price.


To keep costs low for customers and ensure sustainability, the USPS continues to explore innovative ways to modernize its operational infrastructure while also incorporating new technologies into customer-focused products and services. The following blog post offers insights into what is going on at Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum, exploring some of America’s past postal systems and how they have shaped our future as a nation today. You can visit this amazing destination at 2 Massachusetts Ave NE, Washington, DC 20002.


Why is USPS part of the exhibit?


The USPS is a key part of the exhibit’s focus on U.S. postal history, which dates back to the early days of the Republic. At the time, the country’s budding democracy required the creation of a nationwide postal system to distribute government-issued newspapers and provide other communication services. A nationwide postal system was essential to the early Republic, and the USPS is the direct descendant of the first such system established in the 18th century.


The Postal Service offers visitors a unique glimpse into America’s past, as well as a window into the future. USPS exhibits often use artifacts from the collections of the National Postal Museum to illustrate key concepts in the postal industry, including money, communication, and business. These collections, some dating back to the 19th century, provide insight into the history of the USPS while also serving as a reminder of the critical role that the USPS plays in today’s society.


The Evolution of Mail in America


Prior to the invention of the telegraph, which was invented in the late 18th century, the postal service was the primary method for transacting business and conducting government. However, it wasn’t until the mid-19th century that the postal system began to expand. While private businesses were running short on capital, the federal government was flush with cash from the increased sales tax that was implemented in the 1840s. The federal government established the Post Office Department in July 1875 to manage this new source of budgetary revenue, and a year later, the government began issuing stamps for the first time. The expansion of the postal system was uneven, but it was nevertheless essential to the growth of a country that was still in its infancy.


The growth of the postal service helped to connect the American people, as well as distributed newspapers and magazines to the general public. The postal system also allowed for the transmission of information between businesses and helped to create a network of economic and social ties that led to the creation of thriving communities. The postal system also had a profound impact on American culture, as it was the primary vehicle for the distribution of literature and art.

The Evolution of USPS


In 1971, Congress passed the Postal Reorganization Act, which split the Post Office Department into two separate agencies: the Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory Commission. The Postal Service was then known as the General Services Administration, while the Postal Regulatory Commission was renamed the United States Postal Service. The name “Postal Service,” however, remains the official name of the agency. In 1971, the USPS was tasked with providing functions related to the distribution of mail, money transmission, and information transmission.


The Postal Service also handles less conventional functions, such as providing security for facilities, managing the issuance of licenses, and providing services to the national defense sector. However, the USPS is most well-known for being the provider of the nation’s first-class mail service. This was a key distinction of the USPS, as it marked a significant departure from the private sector model that had existed previously. Prior to the creation of the USPS, there was no federally mandated standard for the delivery or shipping of mail. The private sector had developed its own standards, which were based on the specific preferences of various customers. The USPS, however, was required to deliver mail in a standardized manner, regardless of the preferences of the customer.


The Future of USPS and You


In March 2016, the USPS released a study that suggested that e-mail is no longer essential for business communication. The report concluded that the Internet is a more effective way of conducting business than using e-mail. This is because the Internet provides for a better, more integrated way of conducting business, which includes the delivery of mail. Regardless of whether or not e-mail is essential for conducting business, the USPS also provides a valuable service to the general public.


The USPS offers a wide array of products and services that are designed to meet the communication needs of consumers and small businesses. These include postcards, stamps, and postal money orders. The USPS also provides a wide range of licensed service, including money transmission, insurance, banking, and courier services.




The history of the USPS is a story of innovation, progress, and a critical role in linking people with the information they need to operate in the 21st century. The USPS is an essential part of our society, and it plays a key role in the future of our nation. The next generation of postal leaders will need to continue to explore innovative ways to modernize the USPS while also incorporating new technologies into customer-focused products and services. Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum is proud to be a part of this effort, and we look forward to helping visitors explore the history of the USPS for years to come.

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